Here are the 21 Tory rebels who defied Boris Johnson in last night's Commons vote
4 September 2019, 11:24 | Updated: 25 October 2019, 10:50
Eight former cabinet ministers, including Winston Churchill's grandson, are among the 21 Conservative MPs who were kicked out of the party after voting against Boris Johnson.
But who exactly are they?
Sir Nicholas Soames - Winston Churchill's grandson, who has been a Tory MP since 1983.
Phillip Hammond - Mr Hammond was The Chancellor of the Exchequer under Theresa May until six weeks ago.
Kenneth Clarke - As the longest serving male MP, Mr Clarke is the father of the House and has been a Tory MP since 1970. He is a former chancellor, home secretary, justice secretary, health secretary and education secretary.
Sir Oliver Letwin - A key figure in David Cameron's cabinet who has been a leading rebel in the days and months leading to last night's vote.
Rory Stewart - A former international development secretary who made waves in the recent Conservative leadership race.
David Gauke - Served as Theresa May's justice secretary and previously held positions as work and pensions secretary and Treasury chief secretary.
Justine Greening - One of Mr Johnson's former allies announced she would be stepping down as an MP the morning of her revolt. She described a no deal Brexit as the "most profoundly un-Conservative policy you could possibly have."
Dominic Grieve - The former attorney general was the legal brain behind the bill to block a no deal.
Greg Clark - former Cabinet minister in the governments of Theresa May and David Cameron.
Alistair Burt - The former Foreign Office minister said having the whip withdrawn "was a policy of insanity".
Sam Gyimah -The former education minister said stopping a no-deal Brexit is "the right thing to do".
Edward Vaizey - David Cameron's culture minister.
Antoinette Sandbach - The only "rebel" to never have held a frontbench position.
Caroline Nokes - Former minister for Health.
Anne Milton - Former minister for women and education.
Margot James - Used to be a digital policy minister
Richard Harrington - Has held a variety of junior minister roles
Steve Brine - Former junior minister for health
Guto Bebb - Former minister of defence
Stephen Hammond - Former junior minister for health
Richard Benyon - Former minister in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.