Man jailed after trying to steal 'priceless' version of Magna Carta from Salisbury Cathedral
10 July 2020, 15:26 | Updated: 10 July 2020, 15:32
A man who tried to steal a “priceless” version of the Magna Carta from Salisbury Cathedral has been jailed for four years.
Mark Royden smashed into the security case containing the relic using a hammer, causing almost £15,000 of damage, on 25 October 2018.
The trial heard that Royden made an "odd prepared statement" to police during which he "doubted the authenticity" of the Magna Carta.
Salisbury Cathedral's version of the Magna Carta is one of four that remain in existence from the original 1215 charter.
The 47-year-old, from Canterbury, Kent, was found guilty at Salisbury Crown Court of attempted theft of Magna Carta and criminal damage to the display case costing £14,466 to repair.
Sentencing Royden on Friday, Judge Richard Parkes QC said: "This was a determined attempt on a document of huge historical importance.
"Magna Carta is a document of huge importance to our country and many other countries that share our democratic traditions."
After his attack on the case, Royden was pursued by "good-spirited" members of the public including a pair of American tourists, cathedral staff and stone masons - who detained him in a works yard outside.
The judge praised the "courageous" acts of visitors and staff who apprehended Royden including tourists Matthew and Alexis Delcambre from New Iberia, Louisiana, USA.
He called on the High Sheriff of Wiltshire, Major General Ashley Truluck, who attended the hearing, to award Mr Delcambre an award of £1,000 and £500 to cathedral employee Gary Price.
He said: "This is a story of a few good people acting alertly and bravely and they deserve our sincere thanks."
In his statement to police, Royden’s comments included: "You can't talk to me about the holy grail so to speak, if you find a bag on the floor which says cocaine on it, you would have to test that bag forensically, as for your holy grail, you would need a carbon test and a trace element test."
Mr Welling said that Royden has 23 previous convictions covering 51 offences including theft and criminal damage including against items "of the establishment".
These included spray painting the doors of Exeter police station, attacking council benches with an angle-grinder and putting a concrete block through the windows of a solicitor's firm.
Nicholas Cotter, defending, said that a serious car accident in 1991 had "tragically" affected the defendant causing him brain damage and leading him to be subject of a court of protection order over his finances and requiring a carer.
He added: "He has become a pest and a pain, mired in drink and drugs, heroin has been the drug of choice and alcohol has blighted him.
"He is a caring, kind and helpful man and tries to do his best by people but he is blighted by demons."
He added: "Mr Royden wishes me to advance he couldn't plead guilty to the offences because there was a Russian flag on the cathedral at some point and he didn't feel he could advance a guilty plea because that may implicate him as a Russian spy because of Theresa May."
King John issued the Magna Carta after agreeing peace terms with a band of rebel barons, and it is now one of the world's most celebrated legal documents.
It established for the first time that neither monarch nor government was above the law and set out principles of liberty.
The Salisbury copy went back on display three months after the incident, with the damaged case being made part of the exhibition telling the document's history.